Watson understood that the thought would be the verbal habit silenced by the social repression, since the adults costumavam to recriminate the children for speaking alone, or worse, to think about high voice. It supported this idea because some of its studies with children showed fast vibrations of the language and the vocal ropes during the act to think. Already to explain that the conditioning can be used for the acquisition of knowledge, Watson says that this knowledge consists simply of if saying definitive words, high voice or for itself exactly. The acquisition of knowledge is a learning process that produces the adequate sequence of words in reply to a question or another conditional stimulaton. All our behavior, says Watson, tends to involve the body all. We reveal our opinions with smiles or movements of arms, as well as with words. 3.2.4Tolman and the Theory of the Learning Edward Chase Tolman used the term ' ' expectativa' ' when developing a theory of the learning that, although to consider the cognitivos aspects of the behavior, kept the severity and the objetividade of the behaviourism. In accordance with the theory of the learning of symbols of Tolman, an organism learns dedicating or attributing signs for a goal, that is, the learning is acquired through the significant behavior.
TOLMAN (1932) considered five types of learnings: boarding learning; escape learning; avoidance learning; learning choice-point; latent learning. All the learning forms depend on the promptitude, way-end, that is, of the behavior guided for the goal, intermediated for internal or ambient expectations, perceptions, representations and other 0 variable. In accordance with Tolman, a new stimulaton (the sign) if becomes associated existing the significant stimulatons already (the significant one) by means of a series of pareamentos; no necessity for reinforcement did not exist in order to establish the learning. Tolman clarifies that the learning is always proposital and directed for a goal, involving frequent the use of ambient factors to reach a goal and, the organisms goes to select the way shortest or more easy to reach a goal.
In this in case that, we will have to take in consideration the constructive aspects of the production, an opposition what it happens in the traditional writing, being only observed the graphical aspects. Of this form, respecting the knowledge of life of the involved citizens in the process and stimulating the reading and writing of the universe surround them to I, will understand the extreme viability of if conceiving the writing as one ‘ ‘ practical of liberdade’ ‘ , betting, thus, in the capacity of action of them on the world. On this, we bring a citation deals in a text presented in the V International Colquio Pablo Freire, in Recife: (…) Pablo Freire says that to read he is to take conscience. The reading is before everything an interpretation of the world where if it lives. But to not only read allows the interpretation. It is necessary also to represent it for the written language. To speak on it, to interpret it: to write it. To read and to write, inside of this perspective, are also to become free themselves.
Reading and writing as practical of freedom. (ALMEIDA, 2007, p.7-8) Thus, working in this perspective of the writing and reading while release is possible also that let us understand the necessity to think them while representation, and not, while code, to act stimulating the understanding of the system, without being imprisoned () only in letters, with preset orders, since in the world the things (and we also), are in constant movement, as in Blacksmith says to them: (…) In the surrounding world the letters are all, not in a preset order, but frequently that each one of them has in the writing. All the graphical letters in a great amount of styles and types. Nobody can hinder the child to see them and to occupy of them (…). (1989, p.37-38) Then, giving importance and thinking about the citizen that learns, we will know that to rethink the alfabetizao process it is also to leave a little of side what we understand as ‘ ‘ fcil’ ‘ or ‘ ‘ difcil’ ‘ work messe. It is to know that ‘ is unjust; ‘ guardarmos’ ‘ letters, distributing them as we find necessary, without taking in consideration the luggage and the knowledge brought by the alfabetizandos. We have, therefore that to have conscience that depending on the form as the writing it is conceived change the pedagogical consequncias and if, our intention will be the formation of actors social, capable to read the world involve that them of critical and reflexiva form, will fight not to transform them into mere copistas and will affirm, still, our negation of the writing while technique, therefore it is more than this: It is knowledge object and it can translate a world of possibilities.
' ' One gives credit that bigger limitations in the mental deficiency, are not related with the deficiency in itself, but yes with the credibility and the chances that are offered the carrying people of mental deficiency. Is notable limited quo is the world of these people, how much they are segregated, that is, private of social interaction. (TESSARO, 2005, P. 33 and 34). In relation to the social discrimination of the children with deficient intellectual, in mine to understand, to occur on account of the social context due to knowledge, even so different, are real, equal people to any one of knot, with its inherent limitations and difficulties.
The challenges to make with that are innumerable this child I have, in its pertaining to school context, the same chances that its colleagues. From there the relevance of that the professor is prepared to take care of this pertaining to school reality, and is felt carried through in this work. 4. The peculiarities of the deficient intellectual The people with mental deficiency also compose social totality e, in such a way, live deeply the contradictions that are produced historically. Although the advances, what it verified was the process of institutionalization of the people with deficiency.
The scientific progress, verified in the society modern and stimulated by the economic development, politician, cultural and social reflected in the way to see and to understand those that belong to this segment. The deficient intellectual she is a child when thus he is treated. thus, is treated because the approach in the ways to act culturally, established for each age not if of the one of spontaneous form, in no citizen and when if speaks of the deficient intellectuals more is complicated still. The limitations are of the order of the biological one and the order of the cultural one.
Which the true identity caiara? In the truth, the concept of caiara more found is that caiara is all that one that deferred payment in the littoral zone and lives of fishes of subsistence, then caiara is basically the fisherman is professional it or not, and also that one who deferred payment in this determined region lives of fishes primitive as the old indians inhabitants of such regions. In matinhos a change in the agreement of what is perceived it is to be caiara, has times that the meaning of this word was substituted, being today faced as offence the point of true caiaras not to be understood as such. But as if to recognize in something devaluated and banalizado? The culture caiara, very strong in the religious and artisan questions, is lost when it has a growth of the evanglicas religions, since the majority of the customs is of origin catholic. In fact this contributes for the disappearance of this culture, being thus way the marginalizao of caiara in itself, that the few a people without customs becomes, that if it sees against hand of what it is today the cultural question in Brazil, that is in an increasing wave of valuation. We know that caiara is all that one that lives in littoral regions, the fact is, will be that who deferred payment in littoral region is caiara or if accepted as such? Using the example of Matinhos that is a littoral city, then all its people can be called caiara, and still she will be that living if all accepted as such? It is difficult this reply since we did not make a field research to base this work, but in what it says respect the theoretical part is possible to affirm that he is not all living littoral that if accepted as caiara and nor all caiara deferred payment in littoral region. Therefore to think itself well, when it is said in fishes artisan and primitive, does not want to say specifically that if it deals with fishes of salty water, can also be about fishes in water rivers candy, of this form, you practise them caiaras of fishes they do not depend exclusively on the sea, or turn around it, being yes a reference, but not unamimity. Then, correct to affirm that to be caiara it does not depend on definitive place, but yes of determined culture and the knowledge and acceptance of who he is caiara.
Islands of Heat in Cuiab/MT Pablo Enrique Camacho Je Saints Ribeiro Haudson Freitas You would make Denis Adriano Kings Jose Carlos Queiroz Summary This article if it bases on detecting possible incident islands of heat in Cuiab/MT, will be boarded throughout this work the definitions of diverse authors regarding the subject, the process of temperature collection that was adopted, chose a route inside of the city looking for to collect temperature of points densely town and also moved away points more so that if it has a notion of the variation of existing temperature. For better visualization of the boarded subject we mount spread sheets and graphs helping to demonstrate the idea of what better it is really a heat island. Introduction is not of today that we verify that Cuiab passes for a process of very fast development, with this we notice the wild increase in the construction of houses, building, pavement of streets, etc. The economic growth that all the state of Mato Grosso passes influences the increase of the urbanization of cities and in Cuiab are not different, with the increase of purchasing power of the population, start to inside increase the number of workmanships of the city, however these workmanships many times are made without taking in consideration the environment, for example when the people concretam all the yard this waterproofs the ground diminishing infiltration overloading the draining system and hindering the birth of new trees, plants contributing for the significant increase of the temperature. Another example is the alphabetical pavement each bigger time with certainty is a benefit for the transit of automobiles however it also contributes for the temperature addition. With everything this that if passes we will go with this study to show the indications of islands of heat in the city of Cuiab, because the development without control brings many impacts for the environment, and these workmanships result in determined a significant addition of temperature in local, will go to also suggest measured of control to prevent the frequency and intensity of the islands of heat in Cuiab.
This allows a well bigger staple fibre combination of what in the fabric conspired, bringing new mixtures of staple fibres and providing innovations in the development of fabrics (called weaveeed intelligent). 2.2BENEFICIAMENTO TEXTILE This phase, that comes after the weaving soon, basically is divided in preparation for the tingimento, tingimento properly said and finishing. The txteis articles must carefully be prepared before initiating the tingimento. The real necessity of these processes has as objective to improve the aspect, the tintrea capacity, as well as conditions for a posterior noble finishing to the fabric. This preparation or daily pay-treatment consists of eliminating all the impurities of the fabric, impurities as the waxes, the natural pectinas, the lubricative oils, paraffins, gums.
These impurities can be natural or artificial. The artificial impurities are added to wires during the weaving process. To assist in withdrawal of these impurities we can purges cite it, the alvejamento, escovagem, desengomagem, chamuscamento, in agreement mercerizao orientaes and concepts contained in the manual of would tinturaria of the industries Brinel S/A? download in 12-09-2010. It purges is the wet primary cleanness in which is submitted the fabric having aimed at to eliminate the natural impurities, oils of encimagem and gum gifts in fabrics, the method used for cleanness of the fiber demands the presence of at least a tensoativo agent of proven efficiency capable to umectar, to exert detergency and to emulsificar. A alkali is also used (Sodium Carbonate) to saponificar the substances greases that are insoluble. The formularization used in purges depends on the fiber that will be worked.
Alvejamento is made generally by oxidativa action using Clorito de Sdio (NClO2), Hipoclorito de Sdio (NOCl), Peroxide of Hidrognio (H2O2) or for redutiva action, using Ditionito de Sdio (Hidrossulfito de Sdio? In 2S2O4). The Clorito of Sodium presents good alvejantes properties since that adequately applied. Today little it is used had its toxicity and corrosive reactivity in the equipment, exactly of stainless steel.
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Just as people come in all shapes, colors and sizes, so do their learning abilities. There is no “one size fits all” for teaching methods and it is time educational institutions realized that.
For example, when it comes to schooling for kids, the teaching methods can be categorized into 7 groups:
· Aural (auditory-musical)
· Logical (Math-oriented)
· Physical (hands, sense of touch, etc.)
· Social (people-people!)
· Solitary (learning alone, self-study)
· Verbal (word-learning through speech and writing)
· Visual (learning through pictures, images)
In the classroom, this can be best achieved by seating visual learners up front, and potentially give your aural learners headphones. Have quizzes for your logical kids and get your physical kids in a group to act out the lesson with your social kids. The solitary ones can be given their own textbook and the verbal ones can talk it out. This is just one way that you can help your students learn how to learn but in their own way.