Watson Behavior

Watson understood that the thought would be the verbal habit silenced by the social repression, since the adults costumavam to recriminate the children for speaking alone, or worse, to think about high voice. It supported this idea because some of its studies with children showed fast vibrations of the language and the vocal ropes during the act to think. Already to explain that the conditioning can be used for the acquisition of knowledge, Watson says that this knowledge consists simply of if saying definitive words, high voice or for itself exactly. The acquisition of knowledge is a learning process that produces the adequate sequence of words in reply to a question or another conditional stimulaton. All our behavior, says Watson, tends to involve the body all. We reveal our opinions with smiles or movements of arms, as well as with words. 3.2.4Tolman and the Theory of the Learning Edward Chase Tolman used the term ' ' expectativa' ' when developing a theory of the learning that, although to consider the cognitivos aspects of the behavior, kept the severity and the objetividade of the behaviourism. In accordance with the theory of the learning of symbols of Tolman, an organism learns dedicating or attributing signs for a goal, that is, the learning is acquired through the significant behavior.

TOLMAN (1932) considered five types of learnings: boarding learning; escape learning; avoidance learning; learning choice-point; latent learning. All the learning forms depend on the promptitude, way-end, that is, of the behavior guided for the goal, intermediated for internal or ambient expectations, perceptions, representations and other 0 variable. In accordance with Tolman, a new stimulaton (the sign) if becomes associated existing the significant stimulatons already (the significant one) by means of a series of pareamentos; no necessity for reinforcement did not exist in order to establish the learning. Tolman clarifies that the learning is always proposital and directed for a goal, involving frequent the use of ambient factors to reach a goal and, the organisms goes to select the way shortest or more easy to reach a goal.