Also sighted are affected, including the rescue forces entered a building in the event of an emergency for the first time. Here the architecture can help a critical part, to create solutions for safe and independent moving of all visitors and residents. Also, the architecture for the blind and visually impaired is subject to special and diverse criteria which are regulated for public buildings in 18040 accessibility standards and 1450 building for the blind. But what is actually accessible to build it? Within the meaning of the Disability Equality Act (BGG), all structures are then barrier-free, if they are accessible and can be used without particular difficulty and basically unassisted for everyone. To implement accessibility, the two sense principle is maintained consistently. If a sense fails, therefore appropriate information, warnings and instructions must at the same time for at least a further sense be mediated. Challenges for architects, one of the key tasks for the designers is the differentiation between the utter failure of one mind (blindness, deafness), and the constraint of a sensory (Visual impairment, deafness).
This approach is important, because also the architectural measures necessary to compensate for significantly different. So, a visually well contrasted and displayed in large characters information sign helps a blind man nothing. As well, it is the visually impaired with a sign only in Braille. The intersection, which exhibit these groups, are acoustic and tactile AIDS. Differences in accessibility from the perspective of visually impaired people are, for example, the high-contrast design of all equipment and controls, the marking of danger areas (E.g. stairs, glass doors) and the Visual information in a suitable manner (luminance, shape, size, etc.). Blind people must get a mental picture of their environment on the other hand. Therefore straightforward, right-angled spatial structures, closed guidance and control systems (E.g. soil indicators), written information in profile or Braille or audible playback a much tactile contrast (material, shape, surface) are necessary to ensure the mobility and orientation.
Whether flat, winding, or round – the shape of the roof dominates the overall visual impression of the whole House. Dach.de experts introduce the main types of roof. The roof is used not only as a protective shield of the House, but gives the building its distinctive character. An attractive roof resembles a figurehead and should be carefully planned, stress experts dach.de, the leading online portal around the topic of roof. The architectural design and the chosen material of the roof are according to the roof experts in a close relationship. Before the choice for a certain form of roof falls, builders should take into account in particular the design and construction of the House.
Because not every roof will fit every home. Roof architectural diversity as far as the roof architecture, so there is a particularly wide variety dach.de experts in this country: of the sat over the tent roof to the hipped roof – for every taste and budget, a suitable solution can be found. The culmination of the most popular German The gabled roof is still detached houses. With its two sides of the roof, this version looks very friendly and solid. Depending on the degree of steepness, saddle roofs can be combined, so in top view striking T – and L-forms also varied with other roof shapes. Historical hipped or half-hipped roof, always provide sensation with its extraordinary shape are another popular Variant.
Hipped roofs Act this particularly elegant – they claim a certain distance for themselves but on all sides. Primarily to marvel at, old buildings are Mansarddacher, which appear particularly sophisticated because of their curved shape. Downright romantic flair comes from Mediterranean tent roofs – with their uniform, slightly inclined roof sides. But charming roof landscapes can be formed also from composite, functional Panel roofs. While the roof mostly to the weather page is aligned, this roof shape on the sunny side provides large, bright surfaces in the room. For each House the matching roof at all individuality you should never lose the overall impression from the eyes, the dach.de experts advise. So environment in which to build or fail as the weather makes for example a big difference it. Depending on the amount of precipitation, the roof according to steep or flat (as in snowy areas) should fail (in rainy areas). Who brought happiness to live in a sun-drenched area can equip also the roof with eco-friendly solar panels. Different roofing materials in question are for any roof shape: while, for example, geometric structuring roof materials only conditionally suitable for organic roof forms, E.g. natural slate is an almost ideal roofing material for unusual roof architecture. So even the most difficult roof forms can be elegantly realized with natural stone from the ground. A noble as well as versatile material is titanium zinc, which turned local gang clothing and roof edge aperture in high quality details, about the the Complete appearance of a House, and accentuate. Roof bricks and roof tiles are considered timeless classics. This roof stones due to their low energy requirements for production in terms of environmental protection are clearly ahead. The so-called Star technology provides for particularly smooth surfaces that can remain longer clean roof stones of the newer generation.