Which the true identity caiara? In the truth, the concept of caiara more found is that caiara is all that one that deferred payment in the littoral zone and lives of fishes of subsistence, then caiara is basically the fisherman is professional it or not, and also that one who deferred payment in this determined region lives of fishes primitive as the old indians inhabitants of such regions. In matinhos a change in the agreement of what is perceived it is to be caiara, has times that the meaning of this word was substituted, being today faced as offence the point of true caiaras not to be understood as such. But as if to recognize in something devaluated and banalizado? The culture caiara, very strong in the religious and artisan questions, is lost when it has a growth of the evanglicas religions, since the majority of the customs is of origin catholic. In fact this contributes for the disappearance of this culture, being thus way the marginalizao of caiara in itself, that the few a people without customs becomes, that if it sees against hand of what it is today the cultural question in Brazil, that is in an increasing wave of valuation. We know that caiara is all that one that lives in littoral regions, the fact is, will be that who deferred payment in littoral region is caiara or if accepted as such? Using the example of Matinhos that is a littoral city, then all its people can be called caiara, and still she will be that living if all accepted as such? It is difficult this reply since we did not make a field research to base this work, but in what it says respect the theoretical part is possible to affirm that he is not all living littoral that if accepted as caiara and nor all caiara deferred payment in littoral region. Therefore to think itself well, when it is said in fishes artisan and primitive, does not want to say specifically that if it deals with fishes of salty water, can also be about fishes in water rivers candy, of this form, you practise them caiaras of fishes they do not depend exclusively on the sea, or turn around it, being yes a reference, but not unamimity. Then, correct to affirm that to be caiara it does not depend on definitive place, but yes of determined culture and the knowledge and acceptance of who he is caiara.